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NETWORK BASICS

Network A system of interconnected computers and computerized peripherals such as printers is called computer network. This interconnection among computers facilitates information sharing among them. Computers may connect to each other by either wired or wireless media. A computer network consists of a collection of computers, printers and other equipment that is connected together so that they can communicate with each other.  


Network application
A Network application is any application running on one host and provides a communication to another application running on a different host, the application may use an existing application layer protocols such as: HTTP(e.g. the Browser and web server), SMTP(e.g. the email-client). And may be the application does not use any existing protocols and depends on the socket programming to communicate to another application. So the web application is a type of the network applications. 
There are lots of advantages from build up a network, but the th…

PROFESSIONAL ENGLISH

Asking For and Giving Opinions on Likes and Dislikes

Words
Meaning
Sample Sentence
Opinion
A statement or judgment formed about some matter.
Bhoomika gave her final opinion on the company’s matter.
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more people.
Her dialogue stated her opinion about the company’s matter.
Expression
The action of making known one’s thought or feelings.
Her expression was sad at the meeting.
Frank
An open, honest, and direct speech or writing
Bhoomika is very frank with her friends.
Recover
Return to normal state of health, mind or strength.
The company’s economic crisis will be recovered soon.
Turmoil
A state of great disturbance.
The company is facing financial turmoil.
Economics
The branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth.
Bhoomika studied Economics at the State University.
Betrayed
Expose to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy.
The Shopkeeper betrayed Bhoomika by increasing the product cost.
Respond
Saying something in reply.
Bhoomika responded very quickly when her teacher questioned her.
Destroyed
Damaging something so badly.
Earthquake destroyed the entire town.

Dosen Bahasa Inggris UHO Latih Pembelajaran Guru SMP – Kendari Pos- Explain the students the goals of today’s lesson. 
- Teach the students the definition of opinion and why giving opinion is necessary.
- Next explain likes and dislikes and how it is strongly associated with opinion. 
- Help the students understand the common ways of expressing likes and dislikes. 
- Write some statements on the board about Asking for and giving opinions. 
o Do you like Indian Culture? 
o What is your opinion about Indian culture? 
o Which Reality Show do you like? 
o What is your reaction on today’s Reality Show in television? 
- Ask student in the classroom one of the questions above (remember no student should left out).  
- Select five to six students from the classroom and ask them to complete the Activity 1 on sentences expressing likes and dislikes using I, You, We, They, He, She and It. 

What is an Opinion? 

Opinion is a statement by someone on a particular matter. It can use the expressions, such as in my opinion, in my view, I think etc.   
An opinion helps to represent the kind of person you are. It helps to separate you from the rest of the people. One’s opinion can bring changes, and can even bring success and progress in the society. If you express your opinion on your likes and dislikes, it shows your knowledge, desire and willpower to do something. 
In order to express your opinion, you need to understand your likes, dislikes and preferences more strongly. If you identify your likes and dislikes, and know how to express them, then you can get to express your ideas and opinion. Therefore, understanding and knowing the expressions for likes and dislikes is much essential to place the opinion before others.   

Expressions for Likes and Dislikes

Many a times, you are asked by your friends and new colleagues about your likes and dislikes. Instead of telling your liking's directly, you can use the English terms (enjoy, like, dislike) to express your choices clearly. The way you answer questions about your choice makes way for interesting conversations. These kinds of dialogues are normally used when you want to express your ideas on any particular matter, or you question someone when you want to know the person more.  

Rule 1: We use the present simple tense to talk about things we like and people we like. 

Example Sentences: 

I like ice-cream. 

Ram likes dog (He likes dogs). 

Bhoomika likes cat (She likes cat). 

Rule 2: We use the present simple tense to talk about activities we enjoy doing. 

Example Sentences: 
I like swimming. 

Bhoomika likes listening to music (She enjoys listening to music). 

Ram likes travelling (Ram enjoys travelling). 

                                                                          Positive Statement (Likes)
I
Like
Chocolate
You
Like
Watching Football
Ram
Like
Ice-Cream
Sham
Like
Biscuit
My Cat
Like
Milk
We
Like

Continental Food

They
Like
Playing Hockey

Rule 3: We use the present simple tense to talk about people and things we don’t like. 

We use don’t instead of do not when you speak, and for informal writing. 

Example Sentences: 

I don’t like fast food. 

I don’t like rude people. 

The table below shows how to make negative statement using the present simple tense. 

                                                                     Negative Statement (Dislikes)
I
Don’t
Like
Dancing
You
Don’t
Like
Singing
She
Doesn’t
Like
Sport
He
Doesn’t
Like
Mango
My Cat
Doesn’t
Like
Getting Wet
We
Don’t
Like
Doing Party

Activity
Q1. Write two sentences each for likes and dislikes using: I, You, We, They, He, She, and It. 

Q2. Ask students to write two sentences each Recover, Turmoil, Betrayed, Frank, Expression, 
Opinion, Dialogue. 

Expression for asking and giving opinions 

Trainer’s Note
- Write down the sentences on the board 
o Do you have any opinion on ……………. 
o What are your feelings about ………………. 
o What is your reaction on ……………………….. 
o Have you got any comments on …………………… 
- Ask if students have any idea about this how to express this 
- Explain them with examples 
- Point to the other examples with your explanation in the lesson. 

Asking For Opinions 

EXPRESSIONS OF ASKING AND GIVING OPINION

It is quite easy to identify when a question produces a personal opinion. Such questions are usually asked in the following way: 
1. Formal Expressions: 
a. Have you got any comments on ………………? 
b. Do you have any idea? 
c. Do you have any opinion on …………………….? 
d. Would you give me your opinion on ………….? 
e. What is your reaction on ……………………………? 
f. What is your opinion about ……………………….? 
g. What are you feeling about ……………………….? 
h. What are your views on …………………………….? 
i. Please give me your opinion ……………..? 
2. Informal Expression: a. What do you think of …………………? 
b. What do you think about ……………? 
c. What is your opinion …………………? 
d. Why do they behave like that? 
e. Do you think it is going? 
f. How do you like? g. How was the trip?
h. How do you think of Salma’s idea? 

Here are some examples of questions that are ask for opinions: 
  • What do you think, which is better for a student group study or individual study? 
  • What is your opinion about children’s freedom in voice? 
  • Do you believe that India will recover the economic turmoil on time? 
Expressions of giving opinions: 

In response to ask for opinions, you may use some of the following expressions 
1. Formal expressions 
a. I personally believe ……………….  
b. I personally consider …………….. 
c. I personally think ……………… 
d. I hold the opinion …………………………… 
e. My view of the matter is …………………… 
f. Well, personally ………………. 
g. If I had my view, I would …………………….. 

2. Informal expressions 
a. I think I like it. 
b. I do not think I care for it. 
c. I think it’s good/ nice/ terrific …………….. 
d. I think that awful / not nice / terrible ………….. 
e. I don’t like much of it. 
f. In my opinion, I would rather ……………………… 
g. Absolutely ………………….  

Here are some statements expressing opinions: 
  • Personally I‘d prefer to study individually rather than group study. 
  • I strongly believe that every child should be given the freedom to express his or her voice. 
  • I am convinced that India will recover from economic turmoil in on time. 
Please Remember: 

a. Informal Expressions are used in a situation where you are talking between friends or close friends.  
b. The expressions usually respond to something that you discuss in an informal situation. 
c. Formal Expressions are used in a situation where you are talking in a formal situation, such as in the office or school between the teacher and students. 
d. Think about is used when a person is occupied with something or somebody. 
e. Example: I can’t stop thinking about her. 
f. Think of is used to imagine something. You can actually replace the word think of with the word imagine. 

Below are examples of conversation between two people to show how opinions are asked and given: 

Conversation: 1
Tania: So Deb, what do you think makes a good friend? 

Deb: Well for me, a friend is someone with whom you like to have fun. 

Tania: Hmm…fun to be with? Can you give me an example?
Deb: I like friends who like to go out and have fun together – see a movie, eat food together and something like that.
Tania: So….does that mean a friend has to like the same things you do?
Deb: No…not really, just that they have a fun personality.
You know, fun to be with whatever we do
Conversation: 2 

A:  Some people say friends are always honest with each other. 
      Do you agree? 
B:  I completely agree. Friends need to be completely honest.  
      One little lie and the friendship just vanishes. 
A:  Ah, that is pretty strong language. Do you really think that? 
B:  Yes. Once, one of my good friends lied to me.        
      He was a really good friend, and I just felt completely betrayed.        
      It destroyed the friendship. 
Part 3 – How To Express Likes and Dislikes? 

- Write the questions for “Asking Questions about Likes and Dislikes” on the board, using “the Internet” as an example. 

o What do you like best about the Internet? 
o What do you like least about the Internet? 
o What is your favorite thing about the Internet? 
o What is your least favorite thing about the Internet? 
- Ask few student in the classroom one of the four questions above. Try to cover almost every students in the classroom to answer the question. Refer the text given below. 
Expressing Likes 

You can tell someone what you like about something using the following sentence structures:
1. I like __________________, because it is ________________. Example: I like the Internet, because it is interesting. 

2. I love __________________, because it is __________________. Example: I love research, because it is challenging. 

3. My favorite activity is _______________, because it is ________________. Example: My favorite activity is reading, because it is educational. 

4. The best activity is _________________, because it is _______________. Example: The best activity is making sales, because it is satisfying. 

5. I really enjoy __________________, because it is ___________________. Example: I really enjoy Microsoft Excel, because it is useful. 
Expressing Dislikes 
You can tell someone what you dislike about something using the following sentence structures: 
1. I do not like __________________, because it is __________________. Example: I do not like sports, because they are difficult. 

2. I hate __________________, because it is __________________. Example: I hate smart phones, because they are complicated. 

3. My least favorite activity is __________________, because it is __________________. Example: My least favorite activity is writing, because it is tough. 

4. The worst activity is __________________, because it is __________________. Example: The worst activity is research, because it is boring. 
Exercise 
Part –4- Activity 

Trainer’s Note 

- Ask students to refer “Workbook Activity 4.1”. 
- Give students 10 minutes to complete Activity A 
- Correct students when they are getting wrong answer.   

Activity A:
First, Read the following dialogue. It is an example of dialogue consist of expressions of asking and giving opinion: 
Chaya: Sham, what do you think of classical music recently? I mean, do you like them? 

Sham: Well, I would say I don’t really like them. I prefer Rabindra Sangeet. 

Chaya: Why? I think classical music is very entertaining.
Sham: In my opinion, Rabindra Sangeet is relaxing 

Now, try to answers the following questions based on the dialogue above: 

1. Who are talking in this dialogue? 

2. What are they talking about?
3. Can you find any expressions of asking opinion? What are they?
4. Can you find any expressions of giving opinion? What are they?
5. What is Sham's opinion? 

6. What is Chaya's opinion? 

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