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NETWORK BASICS

Network A system of interconnected computers and computerized peripherals such as printers is called computer network. This interconnection among computers facilitates information sharing among them. Computers may connect to each other by either wired or wireless media. A computer network consists of a collection of computers, printers and other equipment that is connected together so that they can communicate with each other.  


Network application
A Network application is any application running on one host and provides a communication to another application running on a different host, the application may use an existing application layer protocols such as: HTTP(e.g. the Browser and web server), SMTP(e.g. the email-client). And may be the application does not use any existing protocols and depends on the socket programming to communicate to another application. So the web application is a type of the network applications. 
There are lots of advantages from build up a network, but the th…

Getting Functional with Tally.ERP 9

Tally.ERP 9 Start-up
Tally.ERP 9 can be started in any of the following ways: 
Use Tally ERP 9 Shortcut Keys & Save Time | Tally SolutionsClick on Start > Programs > Tally.ERP 9 > Tally.ERP 9 or double click on the Tally.ERP 9 icon on your desktop The welcome screen Tally.ERP 9 – Power of Simplicity appears while the software loads. You will be ready to explore Tally.ERP 9, the moment the Tally.ERP 9 startup screen appears. 

The Tally.ERP 9 Start-up Screen appears as shown below: Tally.ERP 9 Screen Components 

• Title bar: Displays the Tally.ERP 9 version number. 
• Horizontal button bar: Selection of Language key, Keyboard Language and Tally.ERP 9Help. 
• Close button: Performs the standard Windows Operating Systems function (Windows 95 onwards), allowing you to minimize Tally.ERP 9 and work on other applications. To restore Tally.ERP 9, click the Tally.ERP 9 icon on the taskbar  Gateway of Tally: Displays menus, screens, reports and accepts the choices and options which you select to view data as required. 
• Buttons toolbar: Displays buttons which provide quick interaction with Tally.ERP 9. Only buttons relevant to the current task are visible. 
• Calculator Area: Used for Calculator functions. 
• Info Panel: Displays Version number, License details, Configuration details. 
Mouse/ Keyboard Conventions 
While working with Tally.ERP 9, use the following conventions.
Switching between Screen Areas 
When Tally.ERP 9 first loads, the Gateway of Tally screen displays.  To toggle between this screen and the Calculator/ ODBC server area at the bottom of the screen, press Ctrl+N or Ctrl+M as indicated on the screen. A green bar highlights the active area of the screen. 
Quitting Tally.ERP 9 
 You can exit the program from any Tally.ERP 9 screen, but Tally.ERP 9 requires all screens to be closed before it shuts down. 
 To quit working on Tally.ERP 9, 
 • Press Esc until you see the message Quit? Yes or  
• No? Press Enter or Y, or click Yes to quit Tally.ERP 9. • Alternatively, to exit without confirmation, press Ctrl+Q from Gateway of Tally. 
• You can also press Enter while the option Quit is selected from Gateway of Tally. 
Creation/ Setting up of Company in Tally.ERP 9 
The first step towards understanding Tally.ERP 9 is to create a company in Tally.ERP 9. Create a company using the Company Creation screen. 

Creation of a Company 

 Go to Gateway of Tally > Company Info. > Create Company The Company Creation screen displays as shown. 
Each field in the Company Creation screen is explained below. To navigate between the fields, use the enter key or the tab key or arrow keys or the mouse Base Currency Information 
 Tally.ERP 9 needs to know the default currency for the company and how the amounts should be shown on the screen and in the reports. 
Let us create a company in Tally.ERP 9 taking the example of National Traders who purchases computer equipments, components and softwares and sells it to other companies and to the direct customers. Create a Company as per information provided below :
 
Working with Multiple Companies 

 For a group of companies, you can maintain the details of each company separately. You can select the company to work with and close the company when it is not required. However, you can also open many companies at the same time and switch between companies without closing the application. 

Exercise to Create another Company 
 Before looking at how to view and amend company details, let us create another company to experiment with. Name your company as Indus Enterprises, Financial Year as 1 April 2009 & Book beginning from 1 April 2009 and you may enter the company details as you like, 
 To create Indus Enterprises follow this procedure: 
 1. From the buttons bar select Alt + F3: Create Cmp or simply press Alt + F3 to bring up the Company Info. Menu. 2. Select Create Company from the menu to bring up the Company Creation screen. 3. Enter Indus Enterprises in the Name field and experiment with entering other data of your choice (for example, the address details). 4. When you have finished, Press Y or Enter to accept the screen Notice that Indus Enterprises is highlighted. This indicates that it is the currently selected company from the list of open companies.You can now practice selecting, closing and altering company information. 

To Select a Company 

1. Go to the Gateway of Tally > Alt + F3 > Company Info. > Select Company OR Press F1. Tally.ERP 9 displays the List of Companies screen. All the companies created are displayed in an alphabetical order. Select the company name from the list given. 2. In case two or more companies are loaded (like National Traders and Indus Enterprises), click on the company which you need to work on so that the selected company will be highlighted and will appear on top of the list. 

To Shut a Company 

 Go to the Gateway of Tally > Alt + F3 > Company Info. > Shut Company. Select the Company, which you need to shut from the List of Companies. You can also use Alt + F1 to shut a Company from the Gateway of Tally screen. 

To Alter Company Details 

 Go to the Gateway of Tally > Alt + F3 > Company Info. > Alter. Select the company, which you need to alter from the List of Companies and press Enter to view the Company Alteration screen. Alter the company details as required and accept the screen. 

Points to Remember 

➢ Tally.ERP 9 pioneered the ‘no accounting codes’ concept. ➢ Tally.ERP 9 mimics the human thought process. ➢ Tally.ERP 9 is multi-platform compatible and supports multi-user accessibility. ➢ Tally.ERP 9 has multilingual capability and new features such as Payroll and Point of Sale. ➢ Tally.ERP 9 is ODBC compliant. 

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